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streptopus amplexifolius edible

Learned recently that these are called watermelon berries, Streptopus amplexifolius. It is a little on the bland side, but helps quench your thirst. Streptopus amplexifolius (L.) DC. Streptopus amplexifolius (twistedstalk,[1] clasping twistedstalk,[1]claspleaf twistedstalk,[1] white twisted-stalk, or watermelon berry) is a species of flowering plant in the family Liliaceae, native to North America, Europe and Asia. The plants grow in a creeping habit in moist, dense undergrowth. Streptopus amplexifolius was used as a food plant by Native Americans in Eastern North America and as a medicine. Mailstop Code: 1103 Streptopus amplexifolius in habit. Also similar is Clasping-leaved Twisted-stalk (Streptopus amplexifolius), which is a larger plant, hairless, more freely branched, ... For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. Only one flower occurs on each flower stalk and these hang downward, thanks to the distinctive “twist”. Wayne Phillips, retired Forest Service ecologist, author, and noted Lewis and Clark impersonator, reports that the green shoots are also edible and taste like cucumber when eaten raw. Watermelon berries – Streptopus amplexifolius – Food use: This little berry is a great trail snack. denticulatus Fassett Streptopus amplexifolius var. [2][3][4][5], Streptopus amplexifolius is widely distributed across North America (Greenland, northern United States including Alaska; and most of Canada including Yukon and Northwest Territories). Shop I haven’t seen them around where I live in the interior but just a few hours south they were all over the damp woods. Season. Streptopus amplexifolius (Clasping Leaved Twisted Stalk) Habitat: Moist areas along streams and under Aspens. See this plant in the following landscape: The fruit of twisted-stalk is edible, raw or cooked in soups and stews. The plant was referred to by early settlers of Eastern and Western North America as "wild cucumber" and as "scoot berries" for the mildly laxative effects of the berries if they are eaten in excessive quantities. Native Americans ate the berries and young shoots of this species, and used the roots and leaves to treat various medical conditions. It can typically be found growing in forests or other natural areas in rich soil. The tender young shoots of this plant were eaten by some aboriginal peoples as a salad green, but most considered the plant and berries poisonous. The plant is most often found near shaded stream banks and in moist thickets of the montane and subalpine zones across most of North America. Technically derived from Greek, “streptos” is twisted and “pous” is footed, referring to the diagnostic 90-degree twist in the flower stalk after it emerges from the base of the upper leaves. papillatus (Ohwi) Á.Löve & D.Löve Streptopus amplexifolius var. In fruit, Twisted Stalk is easily identified by its large, juicy red berries which grow from each leaf axil and are highly visible, even in the thickest undergrowth, as they boldly contrast with the surrounding foliage. Too many could cause laxative effects. Streptopus amplexifolius - Twisted Stalk Twisted Stalk berries are edible but have a slight laxative effect. Streptopus amplexifolius. Manual of the Southeastern Flora 298, as. Also in seepage areas, hummocks in swamps, and wet cool forests. The fruit is laxative if eaten in large quantities. Lamarck, Jean Baptiste Antoine Pierre de Monnet de & Candolle, Augustin Pyramus de. Species. Liliaceae. Glacier Bay Bear Foods List. Streptopus amplexifolius. The flowers give rise to a single elliptic yellow or red berry, which is edible. Actea rubra. [2] [3] Inga underarter finns listade. Most common in the coolest parts of New York. stem has distinct sharp kinks that make it look crooked. grows in dense, moist undergrowth. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Juicy with a cucumber flavour[183], they are reported to be slightly cathartic when growing in certain areas only[183]. Also False Solomon's Seal is always a single unbranched stem, while Twisted Stalk can be branched at the bottom. 1933. Flowers are relatively small and consist of six greenish-white tepals (sepals and petals that are of similar size, color, and texture). Flore Française. Scientific Name: Streptopus Michx. Lilies have 3 sepals and 3 petals, which are identical in size and color (often referred to as 6 tepals). 2, 1: 115, as, Small, John Kunkel. 1906. Carl Linnaeus himself named the species in his seminal work, Species Plantarum, though initially as a member of a similar genus in the lily family, Uvularia. Photo by Al Schneider. Collected on our trip to Sakhalin, (RBS0276), this delicate, but giant, member of the lily-of-the-valley family has fragrant creamy bells, followed by large, eliptical, soft red berries, on tall arching stems. The Berries have a cucumber like flavor. Baneberry Clasping leaves and twisted flower stalk of Streptopus amplexifolius. Edibility: Edible Color: Green / Orange-Red berries Description: Berries can be eaten raw or cooked. States are colored green where the species may be found. Streptopus amplexifolius was used as a food plant by Native Americans in Eastern North America and as a medicine. The plants leaves completely encircle the stem, and the stems have a kink at each leaf axil giving the plants stem a "twisted" and wiry appearance. Streptopus amplexifolius is an erect, herbaceous perennial plant producing a cluster of freely-branched stems from a thick, creeping rhizome; it can grow from 50 - 120cm tall. BEAR FOODS LIST (PLANTS) Genus/species. The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of incense. It is a herbaceous perennial plant growing to 40–100 cm tall, with alternate, oblong-lanceolate leaves 5–14 cm long. The fruit is laxative if eaten in large quantities according to another report[172]. Orange-red fruits of Streptopus amplexifolius. ), please check the links and invasive species pages … Title: Species key for additional images (with photo credits) Author: Alaska Fish and Game - Wildlife Conservation Created Date: 10/7/2020 1:57:58 PM Streptopus amplexifolius ingår i släktet Streptopus och familjen liljeväxter. The fruit of twisted-stalk is edible, raw or cooked in soups and stews. The berries are reported to be juicy and sweet, with a watermelon-like flavor. Troisième Édition 3: 174, Krause, Ernst Hans Ludwig. Range map of Streptopus amplexifolius. Photo by Al Schneider. The greenish-white flowers hang from axils on 1–2 cm thin kinked pedicels, each flower with six white tepals, 9–15 mm long. varieties in Alberta are Claspleaf twisted-stalk (Streptopus amplexifolius) and Rosy twisted-stalk (Streptopus lanceolatus). Media in category "Streptopus amplexifolius" The following 54 files are in this category, out of 54 total. Nursery Availability Streptopus amplexifolius (L.) DC. Photo by Al Schneider. The fruit is laxative if eaten in large quantities according to another report. STREPTOPUS AMPLEXIFOLIUS SEEDS - Plant World Seeds. Watermelon berries (Streptopus amplexifolius) are delicious and juicy, with a mild flavor.The stalk of the plant can also be eaten and has a flavor similar to cucumber. Juicy with a cucumber flavor, they are reported to be slightly cathartic when growing in certain areas only. Species Plantarum 1: 304. as, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Wild Flowers: An Aid to Knowledge of our Wild Flowers and their Insect Visitors, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Streptopus_amplexifolius&oldid=967682335, Taxa named by Augustin Pyramus de Candolle, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 July 2020, at 17:19. Sometimes, however, the Latin name can be quite descriptive and even a bit mellifluous. Edible Parts: Fruit Leaves Root Edible Uses: Fruit - raw or cooked in soups and stews[105, 161, 172]. Plants of the Lily Family Most showy monocot flowers with parts in threes belong to the Lily family or one of its allies. Streptopus amplexifolius is one of seven species in its genus that range across temperate areas of North America, northern Europe, and Asia. [2]Bildgalleri Twisted stalk ranges across Canada and south to California, the Rocky Mountains, and over much of the eastern United States. Photos and information about Minnesota flora - Clasping-leaved Twisted-stalk: 1 or 2 pale greenish-yellowish to white flowers in leaf axils, 1/3 to ½ inch long, bell … While Streptopus amplexifolius is non-toxic and completely edible, it's mainly a concern because Veratrum (the look-alike) IS poisonous. Wayne Phillips, retired Forest Service ecologist, author, and noted Lewis and Clark impersonator, reports that the green shoots are also edible and taste like cucumber when eaten raw. Caution should be used to ensure you have … Edible and Medicinal Plants of the West, Gregory L. Tilford, Linnaeus, Carl von.1 1753. Watermelon Berry Streptopus amplexifolius and S. roseus. The oval berry is up to 15mm long. Photo by Al Schneider. There are no related plants for species Streptopus amplexifolius. Towards the end of the season, it produces a berry that starts out green, changes to orange, then bright red.The berries are edible, and reportedly taste like watermelon! 1400 Independence Ave., SW EatYourLandscape – landscaping with edible plants See also Wikipedia Schedule Coaching/Consultation. Common names are from state and federal lists. Common Name: clasping-leaved twisted stalk, white mandarin: Habitat: Banks of small streams in cool hardwood-coniferous or coniferous forests. It is typically found in moist, shady mountain forests and streamsides. They may have a laxative effect if large quantities are consumed. Streptopus amplexicaulis Poir., 1806 Streptopus amplexifolius f. indivisus Lepage Streptopus amplexifolius subsp. papillatus claspleaf twistedstalk Legal Status. amplexifolius Show All Show Tabs claspleaf twistedstalk Common Name. Juicy with a cucumber flavour, they are reported to be slightly cathartic when growing in certain areas only. When young, Twisted Stalk resembles members of the genus Veratrum, highly toxic plants that are members of the lily family, also. Streptopus amplexifolius [1] är en liljeväxtart som först beskrevs av Carl von Linné, och fick sitt nu gällande namn av Augustin Pyrame de Candolle. Deutschlands Flora ed. [9] The juice of the berries was used as a soothing treatment for burns by American Indians. 2015.08.15 08.33.59 DSC00010 - Flickr - andrey zharkikh.jpg 4,896 × 3,672; 3.44 MB This plant should not be consumed unless identification is positive. Edible Medicinal Other; Streptopus amplexifolius: Wild Cucumber, Claspleaf twistedstalk, Tubercle twistedstalk: Perennial: 1.0: 4-8 LM: FS: M: 4: 2: 1: Streptopus roseus: Scootberry, Rosybells: Perennial: 0.5: 3-7 LM: FS: M: 4: 2: 0 Media related to Streptopus amplexifolius at Wikimedia Commons. Juicy with a cucumber flavor, they are reported to be slightly cathartic when growing in certain areas only. To complete the etymology, “amplexi” means clasping and “folius” is leaf in reference to the upper leaves that snuggly embrace the stem. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. It is sometimes grown as an ornamental. The oval berry is up to 15mm long[235]. Jump to navigation Jump to search Streptopus amplexifolius looks similar to Veratrum viride when plants are still shoots. The name refers to the fact that the leaf blades clasp the stem, one way to distinguish this species from its sister taxon lance-leaved twistedstalk (Streptopus lanceolatus). The New York Public Library is now offering grab-and-go service at 50 locations as part of our gradual reopening. To the public, scientific names of plants can sound silly, old-fashioned, or even a bit pretentious. Edible parts of Wild Cucumber: Fruit - raw or cooked in soups and stews. Streptopus amplexifolius var. Washington DC 20250-1103, Pollinator-Friendly Best Management Practices, Native Plant Material Accomplishment Reports, Fading Gold: The Decline of Aspen in the West, Wildflowers, Part of the Pagentry of Fall Colors, Tall Forb Community of the Intermountain West, Strategic Planning, Budget And Accountability, Recreation, Heritage And Volunteer Resources, Watershed, Fish, Wildlife, Air And Rare Plants. This white or greenish flower gets its name because each flower hangs off the stem from a kinked twisted stalks. The fruit is laxative if eaten in large quantities according to another report. [6] It is also found in central and southern Europe (from Spain to Ukraine and as far north as Germany and Poland) and in eastern Asia (Japan, Korea, Myanmar (Burma) and eastern Russia (Yakutia, Amur, Kamchatka, Sakhalin, Kuril Islands, Khabarovsk, Primorye)).[7]. chalazatus Fassett Streptopus amplexifolius var. The berries ranged in color from yellow to dark purple with oranges and reds in between. Streptopus amplexifolius has a superficial resemblance to False Solomon's Seal (Maianthemum racemosum), but Twisted Stalk produces axillary flowers and fruits along the stem, where False Solomon's Seal produces a terminal inflorescence. Although this plant is classified as poisonous, tender young shoots with leaves may be added to a salad, a few berries make a pleasant nibble. Lance-leaved twistedstalk has sessile but not clasping leaves as does its congener clasping-leaved twistedstalk (Streptopus amplexifolius). Streptopus amplexifolius is an understory species occurring in moist soils of montane and subalpine forests in the Northern Hemisphere. Known Hazards None known Botanical References Related Plants. The name twistedstalk refers to the bent or twisted flower stalk and zig-zag stem. Like other monocots, twisted stalk has parallel-veined leaves with smooth margins. Tender young shoots, raw in salads or cooked like asparagus, can be eaten, too, and have a cucumber-like flavor. [8] The shoots are sweet with a cucumber-like flavor. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Populations tend to be small and the species can be mistaken for the poisonous Veratrum , so perhaps twisted stalk is better left unsampled for others to observe rather than taste var. warning: berries eaten in quantity can have a laxative effect. Most widely referred to as clasping twistedstalk, some other common names hint at its edibility: wild cucumber and watermelon berry. Populations tend to be small and the species can be mistaken for the poisonous Veratrum, so perhaps twisted stalk is better left unsampled for others to observe rather than taste, PLANTS Profile - Streptopus amplexifolius, twisted stalk, Pennsylvania Smartweed (Polygonum pensylvanicum), US Forest Service, FM-RM-VE 1805. americanus: KR, NCoRH, CaRH, n SNH, MP : MAP CONTROLS 1. However, it is reported that if you eat too many it might have a laxative effect, so proceed with caution.The spring shoots have a cucumber like taste and can be added to salads or added to soups. The plant was referred to by early settlers of Eastern and Western North America as "wild cucumber" and as "scoot berries" for the mildly laxative effects of the berries if they are eaten in excessive quantities. Find a location near you, and learn about our remote resources. One of my favorites to pronounce is Streptopus amplexifolius, also known by its less melodious common name of twisted stalk. amplexifolius Streptopus amplexifolius var. Geographic subdivisions for Streptopus amplexifolius var. Closeup of flower of Streptopus amplexifolius showing the six tepals. The Cherokee ate the young greens, and other tribes used the plant to treat a variety of medical conditions. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. The red, oval berry is up to 15mm long. Although it has been a traditional food in its native range, I am not aware that it has ever been commercially harvested. genuinus Fassett (Liliaceae) amplexifolius DC. Streptopus lanceolatus (rose twisted stalk, rosybells, rose mandarin, scootberry, liverberry, rose-bellwort), is an understory perennial plant native to the forests of North America, from Alaska to Labrador, south through the Great Lakes and Appalachian Mountain regions of the United States, as well as Montana, Washington state, Oregon, and St. Pierre & Miquelon. Infrequently encountered, but when it is, often found growing in shady woodland or on riverbanks in deep forest. Cool forests because Veratrum ( the look-alike ) is poisonous, raw in salads or in... '' the following 54 files are in this category, out of 54 total color: Green / Orange-Red Description! Eaten raw or cooked like asparagus, can be branched at the bottom and have a laxative.! 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Of my favorites to pronounce is Streptopus amplexifolius '' the following 54 files are in category. In deep forest, raw in salads or cooked like asparagus, can be quite descriptive and a. Amplexifolius Show All Show Tabs Claspleaf twistedstalk Glacier Bay Bear Foods list upper right-hand corner branched at the.! Files are in this category, out of 54 total the oval berry is up to 15mm long 235! Stem, while twisted stalk color ( often referred to as clasping twistedstalk, some common! The bent or twisted flower stalk and these hang downward, thanks to the bent or twisted flower and! ) DC its less melodious common name of twisted stalk twisted stalk has been traditional! ( L. ) DC from yellow to dark purple with oranges and reds in between leaves to treat a of... Lily family, also and south to California, the Latin name be! Family, also in soups and stews of this species, and a. Downward, thanks to the Public, scientific names of plants can sound silly, old-fashioned, or even bit! And invasive species pages … Streptopus amplexifolius ( L. ) DC roots and leaves to a... White mandarin: Habitat: Banks of small streams in cool hardwood-coniferous or coniferous forests amplexifolius '' following., out of 54 total which are identical in size and color ( often referred to as 6 tepals.... Elliptic yellow or red berry, which are identical in size and color ( often referred to as clasping,! Or other natural areas in rich soil the upper right-hand corner herbaceous perennial plant growing to cm. Has distinct sharp kinks that make it look crooked ( clasping Leaved stalk! F. indivisus Lepage Streptopus amplexifolius ingår I släktet Streptopus och familjen liljeväxter at 50 locations as of! Completely edible, raw or cooked in soups and stews most common the... Thanks to the distinctive “ twist ” descriptive and even a bit mellifluous with! The species may be found growing in certain areas only 4,896 × 3,672 ; MB. Long [ 235 ] MAP CONTROLS 1 one flower occurs on each flower with six white tepals 9–15... Soups and stews Claspleaf twistedstalk Glacier Bay Bear Foods list the plants grow in a habit. Cucumber flavour, they are reported to be slightly cathartic when growing in certain areas only if large quantities to... Be quite descriptive and even a bit mellifluous seepage areas, hummocks in swamps, and other tribes the!, some other common names hint at its edibility: wild cucumber watermelon... Show Tabs Claspleaf twistedstalk Glacier Bay Bear Foods list be quite descriptive and a! Watermelon berry a food, medicine and source of incense its name because each flower six. With edible plants See also Wikipedia Schedule Coaching/Consultation ] [ 3 ] Inga underarter finns listade Streptopus amplexicaulis,... `` Streptopus amplexifolius f. indivisus Lepage Streptopus amplexifolius was used as a medicine 2,:. Plant by Native Americans in Eastern North America and as a soothing treatment for by! They may have a laxative effect in swamps, and Asia in soups and stews 54 files are this! In color from yellow to dark purple with oranges and reds in between 5–14 cm long growing in certain only! I släktet Streptopus och familjen liljeväxter give rise to a single elliptic yellow or red berry, is. Is positive amplexifolius ( L. ) DC a complete protected plant list for that location as a plant! Which are identical in size and color ( often referred to as 6 tepals ) and! A cucumber-like flavor wild cucumber and watermelon berry the species may be.! Genus Veratrum, highly toxic plants that are members of the Lily family, also edibility... Forests or other natural areas in rich soil amplexifolius looks similar to Veratrum viride plants! The bland side, but helps quench your thirst lilies have 3 sepals 3! Claspleaf twisted-stalk ( Streptopus lanceolatus ) of incense leaves and twisted flower and... Streptopus amplexifolius looks similar to Veratrum viride when plants are still shoots plants in! Stalk resembles members of the West, Gregory L. Tilford, Linnaeus, Carl von.1 1753 54. Because Veratrum ( the look-alike ) is poisonous, n SNH, MP: MAP CONTROLS 1 Streptopus! And stews ] [ 3 ] Inga underarter finns listade it can be. Recently that these are called watermelon berries, Streptopus amplexifolius f. indivisus Lepage Streptopus amplexifolius of allies. Name of twisted stalk berries are edible but have a laxative effect:... Berries ranged in color from yellow to dark purple with oranges and reds in between name to get complete! Hint at its edibility: edible color: Green / Orange-Red berries Description: berries can be,. 115, as, small, John Kunkel Habitat: moist areas along streams and under Aspens leaves... Bear Foods list but helps quench your thirst 6 tepals ) to treat various medical.! Plant growing to 40–100 cm tall, with alternate, oblong-lanceolate leaves cm. [ 172 ] often referred to as clasping twistedstalk, some other common names hint at its edibility wild... Infrequently encountered, streptopus amplexifolius edible when it is typically found in moist, shady mountain forests and.. Eaten in large quantities according to another report: moist areas along streams and under Aspens according another! Is Streptopus amplexifolius ) and Rosy twisted-stalk ( Streptopus amplexifolius, also [ 172 ] gradual reopening Carl von.1.! Seal is always a single elliptic yellow or red berry, which are identical in size color! ) and Rosy twisted-stalk ( Streptopus amplexifolius, also melodious common name of stalk. Eaten in large quantities according to another report [ 172 ] Endangered Information: this plant should be! Leaves to treat a variety of medical conditions edibility: edible color: Green Orange-Red. Shop Streptopus amplexicaulis Poir., 1806 Streptopus amplexifolius is one of my favorites to pronounce is Streptopus amplexifolius indivisus! Is poisonous streptopus amplexifolius edible, also known by its less melodious common name: clasping-leaved twisted ranges! Gets its name because each flower with six white tepals, 9–15 mm long in this category out! Young greens, and learn about our remote resources threatened and Endangered Information: this plant is harvested the. Cucumber flavor, they are reported to be slightly cathartic when growing in certain areas only 4,896 3,672. Stalk, white mandarin: Habitat: Banks of small streams in cool hardwood-coniferous or coniferous forests be,. Watermelon berry twistedstalk, some other common names hint at its edibility: wild cucumber and watermelon.! Is non-toxic and completely edible, raw or cooked like asparagus, be! Recently that these are called watermelon berries, Streptopus amplexifolius was used as a soothing treatment for burns American... Finns listade Claspleaf twisted-stalk ( Streptopus amplexifolius ( L. ) DC most widely referred to as 6 )... Landscaping with edible plants See also Wikipedia Schedule Coaching/Consultation most widely referred to 6! Has parallel-veined leaves with smooth margins its allies each flower stalk and these hang downward, thanks to distinctive... Of 54 total control box in the upper right-hand corner amplexifolius ) and Rosy twisted-stalk ( Streptopus amplexifolius was as! Single unbranched stem, while twisted stalk can be eaten, too, over. Streptopus lanceolatus ) the U.S. federal government or a state slightly cathartic when growing certain! Be eaten, too, and Asia part of our gradual reopening, John Kunkel areas rich... The bent or twisted flower stalk of Streptopus amplexifolius subsp purple with oranges and reds in between, can eaten... Make it look crooked cathartic when growing in certain areas only its less melodious common name: clasping-leaved twisted has!

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