The fund provides co-funding to assist Member States in implementing operational programmes and projects, to deliver on the objectives of the common fisheries policy and the integrated maritime policy. establish a common consolidated corporate tax base in the EU and a financial transaction tax. The European Union is a unique economic and political union between 27 EU countries that together cover much of the continent. Ensure that the declarant (EU Exporter) of your goods has done everything that they need to do to make sure they successfully pass through EU customs: • Have an EU EORI number from the relevant EU authority • Got any relevant Export/specialist goods licences/certificates. Tackling these challenges at EU level will also provide new opportunities in terms of growth and jobs, research, and a more competitive and sustainable energy market. The Commission has proposed to boost funding in areas where the EU can contribute most effectively. In the wake of the crisis the EU carried out ambitious reforms to strengthen the financial system and the EUâs ability to deal with future financial and economic shocks. The European Investment Bank is the bank of the European Union. The Parliament meets in both Brussels and Strasbourg. A big part of the initial bill was the UK's remaining EU budget contributions, covering the time up until the end of 2020, when things have largely stayed the same. The EU and Member States cooperate to tackle terrorism and violent radicalisation, serious and organised crime and cybercrime. A single currency is practical for citizens and good for business, and represents a major achievement of European integration. More information on the outcome of the 2019 European Elections and the forming of the new Parliament can be found on the European Parliament's website. Does your business have any European trade union obligations? Through the web portal Have Your Say, citizens and stakeholders can contribute in different ways. In May 2018 the European Commission presented its proposal for the EUâs long-term budget from 2021 to 2027. The prospect of membership is a powerful stimulus for democratic and economic reforms in countries that want to become EU members. The production and use of energy account for more than 75% of the EUâs greenhouse gas emissions. Do any of your staff need to travel to EU countries? State aid may be allowed if it helps or promotes disadvantaged regions, small and medium-sized businesses, research and development, environmental protection, training, employment or culture. What began as a purely economic union has evolved into an organization spanning policy areas, from climate, environment and health to external relations and security, justice and migration. This is why the EU works actively to improve road safety. This makes it difficult for consumers to access or transfer financial products like bank accounts, credit cards, mortgages and insurance across borders. To prevent overfishing, quotas for Member States set limits on how much of each species can be caught. OLAF will also coordinate inspections by Member State anti-fraud agencies involved in the case. They have been amended each time new Member States have joined the EU. For access to legal information from the EU, including all EU law since 1952 in all the official language versions, go to EUR-Lex at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu. Its citizens share a currency, a single market and common history and culture. It also promotes good practice in this field among the EU institutions and bodies. It has done so by defining emissions targets for key sectors of its economy. The European Parliament debates the proposal in its committees. In May 2018 the Commission presented its proposals for a modern, long-term budget for the 2021-2027 period. Several institutions are involved in making decisions at EU level, in particular: The national parliaments of the Member States also play a role in taking decisions and making laws, as do two advisory bodies. The EU's left-wing groups will be headed by Spanish trade unionist Nico Cue and Violeta Tomic (at left). This follows the end of the Brexit transition period on 31 December 2020. The EU provides and coordinates funding to help Member States invest in people (in areas like childcare, healthcare, training, accessible infrastructure and help with finding a job) and to reform their social security systems. The EUâs food-safety policy aims to guarantee that safe and nutritious food is produced or imported into the EU, from healthy plants and animals, while enabling the food industry, Europeâs largest manufacturing and employment sector, to operate under the best possible conditions. Thanks to the EU, the last 20 years have seen considerable progress in Europeâs transport sector, leading to safer skies, seas and roads; decent working conditions for transport workers; more and cheaper mobility options for travellers and businesses; and fast progress towards cleaner transport and digital mobility solutions. They provide funding to households and businesses, allow people to save and invest, provide insurance against risks and facilitate payments. The European Commission is not liable for any consequence stemming from the reuse of this publication. The digital single market will also help drive the economy by ensuring the free flow of non-personal data, investing in digital skills and providing better access to online public services. The common agricultural policy provides support through the following means. The EU is working to increase the rate of returns to their home country of irregular migrants with no right to stay in the EU. Regional policy underpins European solidarity, boosting economic growth and improving quality of life through strategic investment. The 27 national parliaments of the Member States contribute to the good functioning of the EU by scrutinizing their governments in relation to the activities of the European Union and have a number of rights, including the right to express their concerns in relation to draft legislative acts. EU consumer policy safeguards consumersâ rights, ensures products are safe, helps people make informed choices when they buy goods and services, and offers tools to solve problems if something goes wrong. However, some barriers remain to a fully functioning single market. The EU offers its citizens an area of freedom, security and justice without internal borders. Decarbonising the EUâs energy system is crucial to reaching our climate objectives, as part of the European Green Deal announced in December 2019. Achieving the digital single market could potentially contribute hundreds of billions of euro per year to the EU economy and create hundreds of thousands of jobs. It safeguards health at every stage of the food chain by preventing food contamination and promoting food hygiene, plant health and animal health and welfare. The European Social Fund is investing â¬86.4 billion to help millions of Europeans acquire new skills and find better jobs. Furthermore, it fosters cooperation and peer learning between Member States. It maintains a balance between being open and ensuring that rules are respected and that EU industries are protected against unfair trade and unjustified barriers. The Commission is responsible for managing and implementing the EU budget and the policies and programmes adopted by the Parliament and the Council. Blue growth is the strategy to harvest the potential of sustainable growth in the marine and maritime sectors as a whole. More recently, the EU agreed upon the Treaty on Stability, Coordination and Governance in the Economic and Monetary Union, an intergovernmental treaty that obliges participating countries to have firm rules to guarantee balanced public budgets and strengthens the governance of the euro area. For example: See also the following pages in Section 2: Economy, finance and the euro; Banking and financial services; Taxation; Budget; and Fraud prevention. The latest one (for the 2017-2020 period) defines three priorities: the integrity of sport, the economic dimension of sport, and sport and society. help workers to find jobs in their own or another EU country; coordinate and modernise social security schemes; create better working conditions through common minimum standards; support social inclusion and combat poverty; and. The proposal then passes to the whole Parliament, which votes on it (and further amendments) in plenary session. It acts to promote economic growth and financial stability in the euro area by coordinating economic policies. The common foreign and security policy is the organised, agreed foreign policy of the EU, mainly for security and defence diplomacy and actions. The EU emissions trading system is a cornerstone of EU climate policy and is cutting emissions from industry, power plants and aviation within Europe cost-effectively. The EUâs customs union means that all Member States are working together to ensure that goods imported into the EU circulate freely and that they are safe for people, for animals and for the environment. The work of the European Union is assisted by a number of EU agencies, which are separate legal entities set up to perform specific tasks under EU law. A further EU initiative is the establishment of the European Energy Union, which will improve synergies with other policy areas, such as transport, research and innovation, digitalisation, the circular economy, and sustainable financing. By November 2018 the plan had mobilised â¬360 billion worth of investments. EU countries are responsible for their own education and training systems, but the EU helps them achieve quality education through the exchange of good practice, setting targets and benchmarks and providing funding and expertise. The European Commission works with authorities and stakeholders in Member States to monitor and enforce the existing rules so that people and businesses can benefit from the opportunities offered by the single market. Generally it is the European Commission that proposes new laws and the European Parliament and the Council that adopt them. To deliver new and more effective rights for citizens, the European Pillar of Social Rights enshrines principles and rights in the areas of equal opportunities on the labour market, fair working conditions and social protection. The common agricultural policy ensures a stable food supply, produced in a sustainable way at affordable prices for the EUâs over 446 million consumers. The common agricultural policy also supports environmentally and climate-friendly farming practices across the EU, and encourages healthy lifestyles. Citizens can also submit complaints and enquiries concerning the application of EU law. The follow-up on security and defence has been particularly swift, with the adoption of a wide-ranging EU security and defence package in 2016 to see Europe take more responsibility for these areas. When a case of suspected corruption or fraud of EU funds is assessed and proved to be substantiated by the European Anti-Fraud Office, an investigation is launched. Corruption and fraud can seriously harm the economy and undermine the trust of citizens in democratic institutions and processes. A new strategy was launched in early 2018, reconfirming a credible enlargement perspective for the Western Balkans and announcing the EUâs enhanced engagement with the region. Helping communities in disaster-prone areas to better prepare and recover. Through the single market, lorries can provide services in countries other than their country of registration, reducing the number of empty return journeys. The Parliament also shares with the Council equal responsibility for adopting the EU budget (proposed by the European Commission). Most recently, the budget has also underpinned the management of the EUâs external borders and the European response to the refugee crisis and to the threat of organised crime and terrorism. Law and justice are upheld by an independent judiciary. It will then be published in the. Seas and oceans are drivers for the European economy. The Tartu Call for a Healthy Lifestyle (2017) includes a list of 15 actions to promote healthy lifestyles. Following the adoption of an EU action plan in 2012 many legislative steps have been taken to fight tax fraud, evasion and avoidance. The Council is not to be confused with the Council of Europe, which is not a European Union body but an international organisation that was set up to promote democracy and protect human rights and the rule of law in Europe. If no agreement was found at first reading, the second reading will then begin. This is called a first-reading agreement. If the two institutions do not agree then conciliation procedures are followed until a budget is approved. Close coordination between tax administrations also helps to prevent companies from exploiting loopholes between different countriesâ systems with the aim of reducing the amount of taxes they pay. However, Turkey has been moving further away from the EUâs core values and principles and therefore its accession negotiations have effectively come to a standstill. Since 2014 the EU has removed nearly 90 market access barriers in non-EU countries, affecting a range of EU industries and exports worth some â¬8.2 billion a year. EU food-labelling rules also provide consumers with information important to their health. In 2016 the High Representative/Vice-President launched the Global Strategy for the EUâs Foreign and Security Policy to enhance stability in the European neighbourhood and beyond, boost security and defence and deal with challenges such as energy security, irregular migration, climate change and terrorism. Trade deals are not an end in themselves; they also project European values and principles around the world, which is why all new trade agreements negotiated by the EU include provisions on sustainable development, notably environmental protection and labour conditions. Green innovations can be implemented and exported, making Europe more competitive and improving peopleâs health and well-being. The President can also convene additional meetings to address urgent issues. All EU citizens have the right and freedom to choose in which EU country they want to study, work or retire. The EU is a political and economic union made up of 27 member states. Each Member State elects a number of Members of the European Parliament (MEPs); seats are allocated on the basis of the population of each Member State. The EU also protects people through laws to limit working hours, tackle workplace discrimination, make working conditions safer and ensure that they receive compensation for work injuries. In addition, more than 1 600 European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex) officers are now helping Member Statesâ national border guards to patrol in places like Greece, Italy, Bulgaria and Spain. The â¬77 billion research and innovation programme Horizon 2020 is helping the EU to boost growth and jobs and tackle some of our biggest challenges. decides on the EUâs overall direction and political priorities, but does not pass laws; deals with complex or sensitive issues that cannot be resolved at lower levels of intergovernmental cooperation; sets the EUâs common foreign and security policy, taking into account EU strategic interests and defence implications; nominates and appoints candidates to certain high-profile EU-level roles, such as the President of the European Commission or the President of the European Central Bank.
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