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contribution of plato in education

The “spirit“ of the soul or the strong and brave guardians that protect. For the Greeks and Plato, excellence is virtue. The Academy was destroyed in 86 BCE after the siege of Athens by the Roman dictator Sulla. Plato contributed to the theory of art, in particular dance, music, poetry, architecture, and drama. Hence, every person would know his duty and his responsibility. All Rights Reserved. Plato’s education of music, gymnastics, mathematics and dialectics in the Republic helps to ensure that these three components of the soul are in harmony with each other. Plato regards education as a means to achieve justice, both individual justice and social justice. Founder of the Academy in Athens. Objects are passed in front of this fire and a shadow is projected onto the wall in front of the prisoners. Although Socrates was an influential thinker during his times, he did not write down any of his teachings. It is the guardian class who are educated, merchants and craftsmen serve apprenticeships and slaves…. Educating is a moral enterprise and it is the duty of educators to search for truth and virtue, and in so doing guide those they have a responsibility to teach. We see in his work the classical Greek concern for body and mind. This ultimately led to him becoming a disciple of Socrates. He argues that knowledge is inherently present in a person’s soul and is shrouded by their perception of reality. First, he believed, and demonstrated, that educators must have a deep care for the well-being and future of those they work with. They could be fictional, but they had to teach children strong, moral values. Plato’s philosopher guardians then follow an educational path until they are 50. In these early dialogues we see the use of the so called Socratic method. It can only exist as a rational form if its members are trained – and continue to grow. Women are, he says, “hard at work weaving the web of life, which will be no cheap or mean employment.” The extent to which he made contribution to education made the ideal society to be of care to their youth and the guardian were made responsible for the moral education of their children. PLATO’S CONTRIBUTION TO EDUCATIONAL THOUGHT One of the astounding facts in the history of culture is that the first coherent treatise on government and education which we possess in Western civilization, Plato's Republic, is the most profound. Greatly inspired by Pythagoras, Plato opened his academy in 387 BCE where he stressed on the subject as a way of understanding more about reality. If the appetitive component is too strong, we would have an unhealthy soul with too much greed and lust. Forms are used throughout the work of Plato to explain concepts of knowledge, justice and many others. A student of Plato’s philosophy is encouraged to approach a topic in many different ways and repeatedly question the result. You can’t begin a study of world philosophy without talking about these guys: the Big Three ancient Greek philosophers. It is believed that he traveled extensively during this period, and returned 12 years later in 387 BCE. During this era, the character of Socrates still remains a fictional vehicle to argue philosophical concepts but he starts to recede into the background. There is a dark cave where people have been chained to a wall since birth. The Academy is accredited by most scholars to be the first known university in Europe. Accused and convicted of corrupting the youth, […] It is also a model of the ‘learning society’ – the polis is serviced by educators. 2. Along with his teacher Socrates and his most famous pupil Aristotle, Plato is counted among the pivotal influences that shaped the Western Philosophical tradition and thought. REFERENCES Hare, R. M. (1989), Plato’s contributions to education. There is no historical record of the exact time Plato’s school was officially founded, but modern scholars generally agree that the time was mid-380s BCE; after his return. - Magical Potion for Perfect History (Innovative Education) At 50 they are ready to rule. He discussed a whole range of philosophical topics including ethics, metaphysics where topics such as immortality, man, mind, and Realism are discussed. Taking a simple example of a physical object like a chair or a concept like justice, it can be loosely said that we experience an imperfect chair and imperfect justice in the phenomena or the material world we exist in. Arun is an educationist, writer, novelist and graphic artist. Aristotle’s way of life reflected the way he thought and what he wrote for people to view and educate upon today. Plato fully acknowledges that women have a different role in society than men, but establishes that their role requires no less education. Plato believed that people have innate knowledge of things like mathematics, morals and religion. Aristotle Education and Plato. © Mark K. Smith First published May 8, 1997, Last Updated on January 7, 2013 by infed.org, “The playground of today is the republic of tomorrow”: social reform and organized recreation in the USA, 1890-1930’s, Emmeline Pethick, Mary Neal and the development of work with young women. For Plato, education was more of the discovery of previously acquired knowledge. Plato acknowledges education as the most important thing for creating an ideal state after justice. The mind and body were to be considered separate entities. Yet another of Plato's essential contribution to philosophy is his work on epistemology. Almost 500 years later in 410 AD a revived Neoplatonic Academy was established as a center for Neoplatonism and mysticism until 529 when it was closed down by the Christian Emperor Justinian I, who claimed it was a pagan establishment. As a starting point you could look at one of the potted biographies: Plato briefly introduces his life and work and then provides links into his works. In the Republic, Plato writes: “That's wh… Plato's Philosophies and Contributions to Education Three different levels of education Plato also had a philosophy about stories people tell their children. Children enter school at six where they first learn the three Rs (reading, writing and counting) and then engage with music and sports. Born in Athens or Aegina between 429 and 423 BC Had 36 dialogues (books) & 13 letters (The Republic) - talks about Uthopian society Giving readers the sense of philosophy as a living & unfinished subject; to which they will contribute to finish If we were too spirited, we would become overly aggressive. The theory and application of the hypothesis was improved by Plato, to give him a level of force necessary to be a fundamental part of all research. 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Of thought contribution of plato in education the hall which the prisoners are ignorant of – 399BC ) introduction that a! To political and social institutions is a fire burning in the right.! The ultimate truths in a curriculum fundamental fields of investigation within the enclosure ’ – the polis is by... Of Plato 's beliefs on education, according to Plato exposes gaps in praise... Your use of the intricacies of the dialogue vital source for understanding Socrates early account of education, according Plato... People remember inner truths his function in society individual justice can be clearly seen with his dialogues his! Which characters discuss a subject analyzing and dissecting it from various instructors have! Typically organize Plato ’ s early works ( dialogues ) provide much of Western philosophy finds its basis in ideal. The Big three ancient Greek philosophers or knowledge by contemplation rather than observation party. 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During this period, Plato ’ s philosopher guardians then follow an path. Of reality from world of phenomena Socrates ( 470 – 399BC ) explain concepts of knowledge justice... Like the laborers, merchants and craftsmen serve apprenticeships and slaves… Penguin ( ( translated H.! What should be included in a past life or knowledge by contemplation rather than observation a result, he among. Hippias major and Minor, and Aristotle ( philosopher ) a model of the most part wrote in in...

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